Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Grammar Expansion of Proverbs

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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Grammar Expansion of Proverbs

How To Write a Proverb Expansion or Expansion of an idea?
The expansion of an idea or expansion of a proverb is simple and straightforward. It involves 5 easy steps.

They are:

  • Step 1: Understand the symbol of the words in the proverb
  • Step 2: Substitute the meaning in the idea or the proverb
  • Step 3: Look for a story or anecdote or example or illustration
  • Step 4: Look for similar proverbs or ideas
  • Step 5: Sum up the paragraph

Question 1.
Explain the meaning of the proverb ‘Procrastination Is The Thief Of Time’ in about 50 words.
It has been said, “Never put off for tomorrow’ what you can do today”. Yet there are many people who enjoy postponing things. Such people do not realize the dangers of delaying. Work does not disappear if we postpone it. The difficulty of the work does not get reduced by postponing it. The more we postpone, the more the work piles up. Finally, the load of work seems too much. We then have to work for many days at a stretch under great strain and tension. Finally we do it hurriedly and in a careless manner. It is as bad as not doing the work at all.

Again, when some work is delayed, the time which would have been profitably used is wasted. Time wasted is time lost forever. Hence procrastination, that is the habit of postponing things, is rightly called the thief of time. Precious time wasted means opportunities lost, and lost forever. By the time we realize how much time we have wasted and how many opportunities we have missed by delaying word, it may be too late. And then nothing remains for us except to regret and repent. Sometimes a very heavy price has to be paid for delaying things.

The person who delays insuring his factory will regret it when the factory is gutted by a sudden fire. Delay in the treatment of a disease may make it worse, and may even result in death. There are other proverbs conveying similar meaning. Thus we say: “Time and tide wait for no man” and “A stitch in time saves nine”. All these proverbs warn us against the dangers of delay in actions, and stress the importance of timely action and punctuality.

Question 2.
Explain the meaning of the proverb, “Cut Your Coat According To Your Cloth” in about 50 words.
If you give a piece of cloth to a tailor to make a coat, the tailor will first measure the cloth and will take your measurement to find if the cloth is enough to make a coat. Then he would decide what kind of coat has to be made out of it. He will not be able to make a coat that requires more material than the cloth provided. The same is the case with our expenses and income. Our expenses should always be within the limits of our income. Otherwise, we surely land in deep debts and insurmountable difficulties. The proverb thus tells us not to spend more than what we earn i.e., to live within our means.

Question 3.
Explain the meaning of the proverb, “Honesty is The Best Policy” in about 50 words.
The key word in the proverb is ‘Policy’. According to the dictionary, a ‘policy’ is a plan or a course of action or a guiding principle that influences our actions. Looking at the proverb with this insight, we understand that ‘honesty is the best plan or course of action or guiding principle’.It is not because the wise said that honesty is best policy, but because it makes sense to be honest. An honest person is upright and has no fear of guilt. He or she has a clear conscience.

Over and above all he or she has the priceless treasure of peace of mind. In addition, dishonestly causes undue and unnecessary stress. Research shows that dishonesty weakens the immune system. This results in a host of physical illnesses. On the emotional plane, honesty strengthens our self-image whereas dishonesty damages our self-esteem. Thus, honesty is the best policy.

Question 4.
Explain the meaning of the proverb, “As You Sow, So Shall You Reap” in about 50 words.
The source of the proverb is the Bible: “What so ever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.” The religious meaning of the proverb is that one will be rewarded or punished according to the kind of life one leads a virtuous or a sinful. Accordingly, happiness or misery in our life is the result of our own deeds. In an extended sense, the proverb suggests that we are responsible for the consequences of our actions. Every action of ours has a result. Good actions produce good results where as bad actions produce bad results. The results are proportionate to the efforts men put in.

A person who sins throughout life one cannot expect salvation. A student who wanders throughout the year cannot think of cracking NEET examination. In much the same way, a farmer’s hard labour under the hot sun is returned to him in the form of rich yield of his crops. The output of the farmer is dependent on the quality of the seeds and the manner of the sowing. Every discipline has its own character and demands and until one fulfils them he cannot reach anywhere.

Rise and success in life demand labour, industry, toil and effort. A good result is a manifestation of intense efforts that have gone into its making. Florence Nightingale’s name we lovingly recall because of the love and care with which she nursed the wounded soldiers. Hitler creates terror in our hearts and is abhorred to this day. in a nutshell, one cannot achieve fair ends by using foul means. Even if one does, it is short-lived. Lasting peace cannot be brought about by violent means. Thus, it becomes clear that ‘as you sow, so shall you reap’.

Question 5.
Explain the meaning of the proverb “Example Is Better Than Precept” in about 50 words.
Prophet Mohammed practised what he preached. Every day he used to give away what ever he earned the whole day. On the last day of his life, he could not sleep .He asked his devoted wife if she had retained money from that day’s profit. The lady had kept five dinars hoping that it might help her defray funeral expenses of her beloved husband who had not kept any money on himself. With reluctance she produced the five Dinars. Prophet said, “ Go and give the money to some one in need and come back” She was cross and asked him,” who will come to receive this money at midnight “.

As Prophet insisted she went to the door step half-heartedly. She returned after a few’ minutes. She said, a beggar extended his hand on seeing , me and said “ I have not eaten anything because I had money on me . Please give me some money so that I could buy some food. Prophet smiled and said.” Have trust in God. God knew that you will go out at this time and He had mercifully sent a needy person to receive it. Likewise, when you are in need, He will send some one with the money you need” From this wonderful anecdote ,w’e understand example is better than precept.