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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 2 Life of Pi
Imagine you are going on a trek or an adventure. It requires grit and a strong will to survive the odds and emerge unscathed. Most importantly, you should carry an emergency kit.
Choose the ten most essential items from the box below and complete the table.
|First-Aid Kit||Flashlights||Batteries||Warm blanket||Knife|
|Tube tent/Bivvy bag||Local Maps||Candles||Matches||Whistle to signal for help|
Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Life of Pi Textual Questions
1. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two each, based on your understanding of the story.
Describe the pathetic condition of Pi in the middle of the ocean.
Pi was alone and orphaned. He was drifting in the middle of pacific ocean hanging on to the oar. An adult tiger was in front of him. Sharks were beneath his boat. A storm was raging about him.
Who was Richard Parker?
Richard Parker was a Bengal tiger. It stayed in the same boat. Each was cautious of the other.
Richard Parker’s survival seemed incredible to Pi. Why?
The elements of nature which threatened his survival the previous night had calmed down. The life boat did not sink. The shark prowled but did not attack. The waves did not pull him off. Thus Richard Parker’s survival seemed incredible.
Why was the great beast not behaving naturally?
It was unnatural of 450 pound heavy tiger to lie quietly for two and half days unnoticed by Pi in the lower deck of the boat. It was suffering from sea sickness and sedation. Pi’s father had sedated it early to lessen the stress of sea voyage on the animal. That is why it behaved unnaturally.
Why was Pi not afraid of the hyena?
The presence of Richard Parker had intimidated the hyena to such an extent that he hid himself behind the Zebra. So, Pi wasn’t afraid of the hyena.
Describe Pi’s struggle to find drinking water.
Pi was just two feet above Richard Parker. He moved the yellow tarpaulin. Thirst egged him on to unroll the tight tarpaulin. He saw the bow and it had an end bench. Upon it, a harp glittered like a diamond. He found a lid shaped like a rounded-out triangle. He found a pile of orange life jackets. He undid the harp and opened the lid. It opened on to a locker. The open locker shined with new things. He found water cans piled up.
What was Pi’s reaction when he discovered drinking water?
Hitting the lid against the tarpaulin hook, Pi opened the water can and started drinking. To the gurgling beat of his greedy throat, pure delicious, beautiful, crystalline water flowed into his system. It was liquid life. He drained that golden cup to the very last drop sucking at the hole to catch any remaining moisture.
Why did Pi want to tame Parker?
A part of Pi was glad about Richard Parker. A part of Pi did not want Richard Parker to die because if he died, Pi would be left alone to deal with despair, a foe is much more formidable than a tiger. So, he wanted to tame Richard Parker.
What saved Pi’s life?
Parker kept Pi from thinking too much about his family and his tragic circumstances. He pushed him on to go on living. It was Richard Parker who pushed him to go on living.
How did Pi reunite with this family?
Richard Parker and Pi reached an island. Parker left him without even looking back at him. A ship did find Pi and he got reunited with his family.
How many days did Pi drift on a lifeboat in the pacific ocean?
Pi drifted on a boat in the Pacific ocean for 227 days.
What happened to the ship Pi sailed with his family?
The ship disappeared with much burbling and belching lights flickered and went out.
What did Pi look for after the ship sank?
Pi looked about for his family, for survivors, for another boat and for anything that might bring him hope.
Why did Pi find himself very weak?
For about three days Pi had not had a drop of water to drink. He did not have a minute of sleep in three days. So, he found himself very weak.
What appeared to be a conundrum for Pi?
Pi had failed to notice the presence of a 450 pound Bengal Tiger in his lifeboat for about two and a half days. The boat was just twenty six feet long. So, his failure to notice the big beast in a small boat appeared to be a conundrum.
Why did Richard Parker seem to be the largest stowaway in the history of navigation?
Richard Parker was 450 pound heavy. He was covering from the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail over a third of the length of the ship he was on. So, the feat surely made Richard Parker the largest stowaway proportionately speaking in the history of navigation.
2. Answer the following questions in about 50 words.
How did the presence of Richard Parker help Pi?
Pi had to be alert to stay alive in the presence of a 450 pound heavy tiger whose moods may swing. The tiger’s presence did not allow him to think much about his family and the tragic circumstances he was placed in life. He had to keep alert to stay alive. He hated Richard Parker but was grateful to the animal for keeping him out of despair, an enemy much more formidable than the Bengal tiger.
Describe the lifeboat.
The life-boat was three and a half feet deep, eight feet wide and twenty six feet long exactly. It was designed to accomodate a maximum of thirty two people. But just the presence of three (i.e.) Zebra, hyena and the tiger along with him made it appear that the boat was already crowded. In the lower part there were many orange life boats and packaged drinking water kept in a closed box.
How did Pi feel after drinking water?
After drinking water, he felt great. A sense of well being quickly overcame him. His mouth became moist and soft. His skin relaxed. His joints moved with greater ease. His heart began to beat like a merry drum. Blood started flowing through his veins like cars from a wedding party honking their way through town. Strength and suppleness came back to his muscles. His head became clearer. In fact, he felt like returning from the world of dead to life.
Did Pi want Richard Parker to die? Answer, giving reasons.
No, Pi did not want Richard Parker to die. He was in fact glad about Parker. If he still had the will to live, it was because of Parker. He kept him from thinking too much about his family and the tragic circumstances. Though he hated him for his capability to strike terror in his heart, he wanted him to live. If Parker died, Pi will have to live alone with despair which is a much more formidable enemy than Parker himself.
Why did Pi compare himself to a losing Tennis champion who bounces back towards the end?
Pi was pitted against two foes. The first was a hyena and the second was Richard Parker, the Bengal tiger. The presence of tiger made hyena very quiet. Though he was scared of hyena, the presence of Parker outmatched him. Thirst made him overcome the fear of both foes. The debilitating thirst made him look for water inside the boat. This was like a losing Tennis champion who attacks the confident foe fearing nothing.
3. Answer in a paragraph.
How did the presence of Richard Parker influence the attitude of Pi during his stay on the boat?
It was Richard Parker who calmed down Pi. The irony of life is that the animal that scared him witless to start with was the same who brought him peace, purpose and even wholeness. They were literally and figuratively in the same boat. They had to live together. A part of Pi’s personality was glad about Parker’s presence, who gave him the will to hang on to life under the toughest conditions.
He realized danger and peace can co-exist when one is aware of one’s innate strength. He realizes the fact that staying with a tiger is less tormenting than living alone with despair. Loneliness and despair can easily kill a person. He decided to focus on the chances of survival and shut off the tragic circumstances he was placed in a lonely boat in the middle of Pacific Ocean. In short, he became optimistic, balanced and stoical in his attitude to life thanks to the presence of Richard Parker.
Water is the elixir of life. Substantiate the statement with reference to the story of ‘Life Of Pi’.
The author calls it ‘liquid life’. For a thirsty man, a cup of water is more precious than gold. He had not drunk water for two and a half days after the ship wreck. Pi drank two litres of the most exquisite nectar (i.e.) water. Suddenly Pi’s forehead was wet with fresh perspiration. Everything in him right down to the pores of his skin was expressing joy. A sense of well-being quickly overcame him. His skin relaxed, his joints moved with greater ease.
His heart began to beat like a merry drum. Blood started flowing through his veins like cars from a wedding party honking their way through the town. Strength and suppleness came back to his muscles. His head became clearer. Truly he was returning to life from the world of dead. After being thirsty for a while, to be drunk on water is noble and ecstatic basked in bliss and plentitude for several minutes. These experiences of Pi highlight the indisputable fact that water is the elixir of life.
If you were lost at sea for as long as Pi was, what is the one item you would want with you? Write a diary entry in which you identify the item and explain why it is the one thing you would want with you.
If I were lost in the seas similar to Pi, I wouldn’t have to worry about water because I will carry enough water to last for 140 days. Lifejackets would be already available. A whistle could be my choice of item. Even at night if a ship is passing by I can whistle and attract the attention of the ship. When I feel lonely I can whistle. I can scare away prowling sharks too with my whistle as it would sound like the sound made by dolphins in deep waters.
Occasionally fishermen also come deep into the ocean with their trawlers or fishing boats in early evenings or dawn. I could easily invite their attention. Inspite of having a whistle, if no boat or ship comes that side, it would be difficult to survive. But I can whistle as well as wave the orange life jackets to attract possible rescuers.
Why does Pi say that thirst is worse than hunger?
Prolonged hunger may result in the discomfort of death due to lack of oxygen. But thirst is a long drawn affair. Lord Jesus Christ died on the cross due to suffocation. But his only desire during the last moments of his life was water to drink. If thirst can be so taxing even God incarnate desires of, one can imagine how an ordinary human could drive a thirsty man to go raving mad in thirst. Pi had never before experienced physical hell than that putrid taste and pasty feeling in the mouth. It was an unbearable pressure at the back of his throat. He had a sensation that his blood was turning into a thick syrup that barely flowed through his veins.
How did Pi convince himself that there must be water on board?
The divining rod in Pi’s mind dipped sharply and spring gushed forth. He remembered that he was on a genuine regulation lifeboat and such a lifeboat was surely outfitted with supplies. A captain would never fail in so elementary way of preserving water to ensure safety and survival of his crew in the event of a disaster. Besides, it is natural that a ship chandler would think of making a little extra money under the noble pretext of saving lives. It was settled beyond doubt that there was water on board.
4. Sequence the following incidents logically to write the summary of the story ‘Life of Pi’.
- As he looked around, he was shocked to find Richard Parker on board.
- His search for water took him dangerously close to Richard Parker but nothing could stop him neither Richard Parker nor the hyena
- Pi left Richard Parker in a jungle and reunited with his family.
- Pi came back to life and his senses after drinking the elixir of life.
- He understood that it was Richard Parker who helped him survive for 227 days.
- He was pinned by weakness having had no food, water or even sleep for nearly three days.
- Strangely his thirst overpowered his fear of Richard Parker and he went about exploring for ‘ fresh water.
- A little later, he succeeded in his search, when he found stacks of cans of drinking water.
- Pi was stranded in the Pacific on a lifeboat.
- Then, he realized that Parker who scared him earlier brought him peace, purpose and wholeness.
1. Pi was stranded in the Pacific on a lifeboat.
2. He was pinned by weakness having had no food, water or even sleep for nearly three days.
3. As he looked around, he was shocked to find Richard Parker on board.
4. Strangely his thirst overpowered his fear of Richard Parker and he went about exploring for fresh water.
5. His search for water took him dangerously close to Richard Parker but nothing could stop him neither Richard Parker nor the hyena.
6. A little later, he succeeded in his search, when he found stacks of cans of drinking water.
7. Pi came back to life and his senses after drinking the elixir of life.
8. He understood that it was Richard Parker who helped him survive for 227 days.
9. Then, he realized that Parker who scared him earlier brought him peace, purpose and wholeness.
10. Pi left Richard Parker in a jungle and reunited with his family.
Life of Pi About The Author
Yann Martel was born in Spain to French Canadian parents. Martel’s father worked as a diplomat and the family moved to Costa Rica, France, Mexico and Canada during Martel’s childhood. He grew up speaking both French and English. Martel studied philosophy at Trent University in Ontario, and later spent a year in India visiting religious sisters and zoos.
His first three books received little critical or popular attention but with the publication of Life of Pi in 2001, Martel became internationally famous and he was awarded the Man Booker Prize in 2002.
Life of Pi Summary in English
Pi recounts the ordeal he faced in the middle of the pacific ocean after the ship wreck. Francis Adirubasamy, a close business associate of his father, a swimming champion taught him to swim. He also gave him his unusual name Piscine Molitor, a Persian swimming club he used to frequent. Pi is named after that swimming club (i.e) Piscine Molitor. Pi’s father once ran a zoo in Pondicherry. As the political situation in India was volatile, he decided to shift the family to Canada. They set sail in a cargo ship on June 21,1977. A crew and many cages full of animals sailed along with them in that cargo ship.
Crisis in the mid ocean
When the cargo ship was sailing in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, there was a huge storm. The ship started sinking. Pi jumped into a lifeboat. Very soon he found himself in the company of Richard Parker, a tiger, a zebra, and a hyena, all in a state of shock. Initially, the hyena keeps quiet and hides behind the zebra unwilling to confront the tiger. After two and a half days of drifting in the lifeboat, Pi discovered that Richard Parker was on board just below him. He was unusually quiet because of sea-sickness and the impact of heavy sedation given to him by Pis father.
Water, water everywhere but no water to drink
Pi felt very thirsty. His blood had thickened. His .legs had become stiff. He was afraid that he may die if he did not drink liquid life.
Search for drinking water
When he lifted the yellow tarpaulin, he found Richard Parker just two feet below his legs. Initially, he was scared of seeking the attention of Richard Parker. But his thirst was so much that he preferred to risk his life to find water. The narrator says, ‘thirst is worse than hunger’. Even Jesus Christ who died on the cross yearned for water only before dying. He opened the tarpaulin still further and found hyena looking at him. But Pi wasn’t afraid as much more formidable 450-pound heavy beast was there between him and the hyena
Analysis of the boat
Pi found that the boat was three and a half feet deep and eight feet wide and twenty-six feet long.lt was designed to accommodate 32 people. But it appeared to be cramped due to the presence of three animals (i.e.) zebra, Richard Parker, and the hyena. Tarpaulin, life jackets the lifeboat and the oars were also orange in color. Even the plastic headless whistle was orange in colour.
Discovery of drinking water
The narrator felt like a dried out lizard. He undid the hasp quietly. He pulled on the lid. It opened on to a locker. He looked down between his legs and got delighted because new things glistened. He experienced a heady mixture of hope, surprise, disbelief, thrill, gratitude all crushed into one. He was positively giddy with happiness. The wine of life was found in pale golden cans. Each can contained 500 ml. He felt that he was about to be released from the hell of thirst. He had water stock to last for 124 days.
Returning from the world of dead
He hit the other end of the can hard against the hook.At a stretch he gulped down 4 cans (i.e.) 2 litres of water. It was the most exquisite of nectars. His forehead was wet with fresh, clean refreshing perspiration, his skin relaxed. His joints moved with greater ease. His heart began to beat like a merry drum, blood flowed through his veins like cars from a wedding party honking their way through the tour. Strength and suppleness came back to his muscles. Truly, he was coming back from the world of the dead to life.
Parker and Pi
Richard Parker had finished off the hyena and the zebra. So, Richard Parker and Pi were literally and figuratively in the same boat. He wanted to tame Parker to stay alive.
Richard parker’s help
It was Richard Parker’s presence that shut off all the other memories of family tragedy and the tragic circumstances he was in. Richard Parker egged him to go on living. He hated Parker yet felt grateful to him. He admits that without Parker, he wouldn’t have been alive to tell the story of his survival.
At last Pi’s boat reached an island. Richard Parker jumped and walked away without even looking back at Pi. Pi was found by a ship. He got reunited with the other family members.
The life of Pi teaches us the great lesson that one should focus on living even in the most adverse situation in life.
Life of Pi Summary in Tamil
பசுபிக் கடலின் நடுவே கப்பல் முறிந்ததும் தான் எதிர்கொண்ட சோதனையை பை விவரிக்கிறார். பிரான்சிஸ் அதிருபசாமி தன் தந்தையின் நெருங்கிய தொழில் ரீதியான நண்பனும், நீச்சல் வீரனும் ஆவார். அவர் தான் பைக்கு நீச்சல் கற்றுக் கொடுத்தார். அவர் தான் அடிக்கடி, செல்லும் கிளப் ஒன்றின் பேரான *Pisune molitor’ என்ற வழக்கத்தில் இல்லாத பெயரை இவருக்கு சூட்டினார். பெயரை உச்சரிக்க எளிமையாக அதைச் சுருக்கி “பை” என்று அவர் அழைக்கப்பட்டார். ஒருபோது பை யின் அப்பா பாண்டிச்சேரியில் விலங்கியல் பூங்கா ஒன்றை நடத்தினார். இந்தியாவில் அரசியல் சூழ்நிலை நிச்சயமற்றதாக இருந்ததால் அவர் தம் குடும்பத்தை கனடாவிற்கு மாற்ற முடிவு செய்தார். அவர்கள் ஒரு சரக்குக் கப்பலில் ஜுன் 21, 1977 ஆம் ஆண்டு பயணத்தை மேற்கொண்டனர். கூண்டு நிறைய விலங்குகளும், ஒரு பணியாள் சகிதமாய் கப்பல் பயணத்தை மேற்கொண்டனர்.
நடுக்கடலில் நடந்த விபத்து:
சரக்குக் கப்பல் பசுபிக் கடன் நடுவில் சென்று கொண்டிருந்த போது திடீரென்று புயல் காற்று வீசியது. கப்பல் மூழ்கத் தொடங்கியது. பை மீட்பு படகு ஒன்றில் தாவி ஏறிக் கொண்டார். அங்கு, ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் எனும் புலி, ஒரு வரிக்குதிரை, ஒரு கழுதைப்புலி உடன் காணப்பட்டது. அவை யாவும் அதிர்ச்சிக்கு உள்ளாகி | இருந்தன. தொடக்கத்தில் புலியுடன் சண்டையிடும் | நோக்கம் இல்லாமல் வரிக்குதிரைக்குப் பின்னால் கழுதைப்புலி ஒளிந்து கொண்டது. இரண்டரை நாள் நிதானமான பயணத்திற்கு பின்னால் ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் தனக்கு கீழ்த்தளத்தில் இருக்கிறது என்பதை அறிந்தார் பை. கடல் வியாதி காரணமாகவும், ‘பை’ யின் தகப்பனார் அதற்கு உடலில் செலுத்திய மயக்க மருந்தின் காரணமாகவும் அது அமைதியாகக் காணப்பட்டது.
எங்கும் தண்ணீர், ஆனால் குடிப்பதற்கு தண்ணீர் இல்லை :
‘பை’ க்கு மிகவும் தண்ணீ ர் தாகம் ஏற்பட்டது. இரத்தம் கட்டியாக மாறியது போல அவர் உணர்ந்தார். கால்கள் விறைப்பாக மாறின. உயிர் தரும் நீரைக் குடிக்காவிட்டால் இறந்து விடுவோமோ என்ற ஐயம் அவருக்குத் தோன்றியது.
குடிநீரைத் தேடும் படலம்:
மஞ்சள் நிற தார்ச்சீலையை அகற்றிப் பார்த்தால் இரண்டடி கீழே ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் இருந்தது. ஆனால் தாக மிகுதியால் அதைப் பொருட்படுத்தாமல் நீரைத் தேடலானார். கதையாசிரியர் தாகம் பசியைவிடக் கொடுமையானது என்கிறார். ஏசு கிறிஸ்துவும் இறப்பதற்கு முன்னர் ஏங்கியது தண்ணீருக்காகத்தான். தார்ச்சீலையை மேலும் நீக்கிப் பார்த்தால் அங்கு கழுதைப்புலி பையை நோக்கியது. ஆனால், பை பயப்படவில்லை . ஏனெனில், அதைவிட பலமிக்க 450 பவுண்ட் கனம் கொண்ட மிருகம் அவருக்கும் கழுதைப் புலிக்கும் இடையே இருந்தது.
படகானது 3 ஆழமாகவும், 8 அடி அகலமாகவும், 26 அடி நீளமாகவும் இருந்தது. அது 32 ஆட்களைக் கொள்ளும் அளவுக்கு வடிவமைக்கப்பட்டு இருந்தது. அது வரிக்குதிரை. ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் மற்றும் கழுதைப் புலி இருந்ததால் குறுகியதாகக் காணப்பட்டது.) தார்ச்சீலை. உயிர்க் கவசம். மீட்பு படகு மற்றும் துடுப்பும் ஆரஞ்சு நிறத்தில் இருந்தன. பிளாஸ்டிக்காலான தலையற்ற விசிலும் ஆரஞ்சு நிறத்தில் இருந்தது.
குடிநீரைக் கண்டுபிடிக்கும் படலம்;
கதையாசிரியர் உலர்ந்து போன பல்லியைப் போல் உணர்ந்தார். கொக்கியை அகற்றி, மூடியைக் கழற்றினார். ஒரு அலமாரி தென்பட்டது. கால்களுக்கு நடுவே புதிய பொருட்கள் மின்னின. கதையாசிரியருக்கு தன்னம்பிக்கை, ஆச்சரியம், அவநம்பிக்கை, சிலிர்ப்பு, நன்றியுணர்வு என அனைத்தும் கலந்த கலவையான ஒரு உணர்வு ஏற்ப்பட்டது. சந்தோசத்தால் தலை கிறுகிறுத்துப் போயிற்று. தங்க நிறக் குவளைகளில் தண்ணீர் என்ற பானம் தென்பட்டது. ஒவ்வொரு குவளையிலும் 500மிலி, தண்ணீ ர் இருந்தது. தாகம் எனும் நரகத்தில் இருந்து தான் விடுதலை ஆகப் போவதை உணர்ந்தார். அவருக்கு 124 நாட்களுக்கு தேவையான நீர் இருந்தது.
இறந்தவர்களின் உலகத்தில் இருந்து மீண்டு வருதல்;
குவளையைக் கூர்மையான கொக்கியால் துளைத்தார். முத்தாக நீர் தென்பட்டது. குவளையை கொக்கியை நோக்கி இடித்தார். ஒரே மூச்சில் 2 லிட்டர் தண்ணீரைக் குடித்தார். அருமையான தேனைப் போல் நீர் இருந்தது. நெற்றி வியர்வைத் |துளியால் நனைந்தது. சதை தளர்ந்தது. மூட்டு இலேசாக நகர்ந்தது. நெஞ்சு படபட என அடித்தது. சத்தத்துடன் கல்யாண கேளிக்கையில் நுழையும் மகிழுந்துகளைப் போல் இரத்தம் நாடியில் ஓடியது. பலமும், மிருதுவான | தன்மையும் சதைக்கு மீண்டும் வந்தது. இறந்தவர்கள் உலகத்தில் இருந்து உண்மையிலேயே மீண்டு வந்தது போல் உணர்ந்தார்.
ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் கழுதைப் புலியையும், வரிக் குதிரையையும் கொன்று தின்று முடித்துவிட்டது. ஆதலால், ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கரும், பையும் எதிர் எதிராக ஒரே படகில் இருந்தனர். பார்க்கரை பழக்கப்படுத்தி தன் வசப்படுத்திக் கொண்டால் தான் அவர் உயிர் தப்பமுடியும் என பை எண்ணினார்.
ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கரின் உதவி:
ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் அங்கு இருந்தது தான், அவர்தன் குடும்ப கவலையையும், தான் மாட்டிக் கொண்டிருக்கும் துயரமான சூழ்நிலையையும் மறக்கும் வண்ணம் செய்தது என்றார். ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் கதாசிரியர் உயிர் வாழத் தூண்டுதலாக இருந்தது. பார்க்கர் இல்லாவிடில் தான் இந்தக் கதையைக் கூறுவதற்கு உயிருடன் இருந்திருக்க இயலாது என்பதை அவர் ஒப்புக் கொண்டார்.
நிச்சயம் நேரிடக்கூடிய பிரிவு:
கடைசியில் ‘பைன் படகு ஒரு தீவை அடைந்தது. ரிச்சர்ட் பார்க்கர் படகில் இருந்து குதித்துக் கதையாசிரியரைத் திரும்பிக் கூடப் பார்க்காமல் சென்றுவிட்டது. ‘பையை ஒரு கப்பல் கண்டுகொண்டது. அவர் மீட்கப்பட்ட பின் இதர குடும்பத்தினருடன் அவர் சேர்ந்து கொண்டார்.
பையின் வாழ்க்கை நமக்கு கற்றுத் தரும் பாடம் என்னவென்றால், எப்பேர்ப்பட்ட சூழ்நிலையிலும் | மனிதன் வாழவேண்டும் என்ற குறிக்கோளுடன் இருக்க வேண்டும் என்பதே ஆகும்.
Life of Pi Glossary