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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th English Solutions Supplementary Chapter 5 All Summer in a Day
(a) What makes the earth the one and only living planet?
(b) Name a few things that make the earth a unique planet.
(c) Do you enjoy watching movies? What type of movies do you like to watch? Here are the pictures of a few blockbuster movies.
Classify the movies based on the following categories: Historical/ Comedy/ Horror/ Cartoon/ Science Fiction
Discuss : Gravity is a science fiction movie.
Student A: Gravity, a 2013 block buster science fiction movie received an overwhelming response for its realistic depiction of the various conditions and challenges faced by astronauts to save themselves after their spare shuttle gets’ clobbered by space debris from a destroyed Russian satellite.
Student B: As much wre loved watching Gravity, its important that we get acquainted with various scientific aspects depicted in the movie.
Student C: Let me tel! you about the opening scene of the movie. Three astronauts including Dr. Ryan Stone (played by Sandra Bullock) and Lieutenant Matt Kowalski (played by George Clooney) are seen space walking and having a nice informal chat.
Student D: Allow me to explain what the movie tries to convey to us. The crew members of space shuttle explorer are servicing the Hubble space telescope. Suddenly they are informed by mission control in Houston that a cloud of debris (caused by the destruction of a Russian defunct spaceship) is headed towards their location. They are advised to abort the mission to avoid a nasty collision. But the collision happens. Dr. Stone and Kowalski head for ISS after their shuttle is hit. ISS is destroyed. Kowalski and Stone get separated as their tethers get twisted. She couldn’t dock the Soyuz with Chinese station. She ejects herself from Soyuz via
explosive decompression. She uses pressure from fire extinguisher to push herself towards Tiangong which is also abandoned in space. She enters Shenzhou capsule but is unable to separate the capsule from the space station. The space station begins to break up and the capsule gets separated. As the capsule falls to the earth, it corrects its position and descends through the atmosphere. Parachute opens up. Stone lands in a lake and comes out with unsteady legs.
Which aspect of the movie is real science?
It is true that space debris can indeed cause uncontrolled collisions between objects present in lower earth orbit (LEO); the orbit that encloses every orbit below 2000 km, Kessler syndrome, excess of “trash” in the space orbit could cause problems. The world communication can be blacked out.
It is also true that space station can fall out of orbit. ISS has to be boosted to make sure that it maintains the orbit. The process doesn’t take place suddenly. It takes a few years, it is true that the earth’s atmosphere is relative to Earth’s size. In the film, the fantastic shots of earth enveloped a thin translucent layer of atmosphere which was truly mesmerising. The best thing is that they have correctly depicted the atmosphere’s thinness relative to the earth’s size without exaggeration.
Which aspect of the movie is fictional?
Informal chats in a space walk is fictional. Every action during a space walk is premeditated in order to avoid unnecessary ambling and minimize the use of oxygen.
The possibility of the Hubble telescope and a destroyed Russian satellite colliding in the space is fictional because of the following reasons:
The Hubble telescope orbits at an altitude of 500 kilometres above the earth. The film claims that the Russian satellite is also in orbit at the same height. It is wrong because this type of communication satellites which are called TDRSS (Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System) stay in the geosynchronous orbit which is much higher (i.e.) almost 35000 km above the earth. The film showing the Hubble Telescope, ISS and Tiangong-1 located close to each other is fictional. In fact, these three man-made structures are not only at different heights but also lie in different orbits around the earth.
The scene in which Dr. Stone’s tears trickle down heT cheeks and then floats is fictional as it doesn’t happen that way in space.
Samacheer Kalvi 12th English All Summer in a Day Textual Questions
1. Based on your understanding of the story, answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
What do children get ready for at the beginning of the story?
Children get ready to have a glimpse of Sun in the planet Venus after a passage of seven years.
How is life in the planet Venus described?
It was raining continuously for seven years without Sunlight. Trees grew and perished in the planet.
Who is Margot? How is she different from the rest of the children?
Margot had joined the children recently. She had spent her first five years in Ohio. She was sent to Venus by her parents. She remembered the appearance of Sun vividly. Other children had seen it only when they were 2 years old. Her knowledge of Sun made her different.
What does Margot like the most – the sun or the rain?
Margot liked Sun the most.
What was Margot waiting for? Why did William say that it was a joke?
Margot was waiting for the reappearance of the Sun. She believed in the prediction of reappearance of Sun on the 7th year. William hadn’t seen the Sun after (i.e.) for seven whole years. So, he called the possible reappearance of Sun as a joke.
Why does Margot wish to return to the earth?
Margot is accustomed to the systematic change of day and night on the earth. She hated the wretched rain which lasted for seven years. She even refused to take a shower because she never felt like living a normal life in Venus. So, she wanted to go back to the earth.
Why did the children lock Margot in a closet?
The children, like those in the novel, “Lord of the flies”, consider the logic and reasoning of Margot as stupid. Her faith in the definite appearance of the Sun is ridiculed by her classmates. She asserts that the prediction of the Sun will be true. She even describes Sun like a lemon but hot in nature. Fed up with her optimism, the children lock her up in a closet.
Margot could recall what the sun looked like while the other children could not. Why?
Margot had come only 4 years ago to Venus. She had seen the sunlight almost everyday in Ohio. So, she could recall the appearance of the Sun vividly.
How long did the Sun shine on Venus?
The Sun shined for only one hour in Venus.
Why did one of the girls wail?
One of the girls wailed because rain resumed after one hour of sunlight. She caught a droplet of rain in her palm and reacted to the abrupt end of sunlight and resumption of rain.
2. Based on your understanding of the story, answer the following in three or four sentences.
What is the significance of the particular day described in the story “All summer in a day”?
That particular day all the children were clamouring for a glimpse of sunlight which was predicted for an hour. Only Margot had a clear memory of sunlight that she had seen five years ago. Others had not seen the Sun for about seven long years. Her explanation was an orb like a penny and its colour was that of a lemon, the children were annoyed and could not believe her words of experience.
What happens to Margot while the teacher is out of the classroom?
Margot was gazing out of the glass window. William asked her what she was looking at. She didn’t speak. They shoved her and edged away from her. The children in the school hated Margot, the snow faced girl. They hated her for her knowledge of the Sun. She was firm that they would see sunlight that day as per the prediction of the scientists. The boys got annoyed. They seized her roughly and took her to a closet and locked her ignoring her pitiful cries of protest.
How did Margot describe the sun to others?
Margot explained that Sun looked like a penny. When other children objected she said, “It’s like a fire in the stove”. She even wrote a poem, “I think the Sun is a flower, that blooms for just one hour.” One of the boys even protested that Margot did not write the poem.
How did the children react when the sun came out after seven years?
It was the colour of flaming bronze and it was very large. And the sky around it was blazing in blue tile colour. The jungle burned with sunlight and the children released from the spell, ran out, yelling into the spring time.
Why did William and the other children bully Margot?
William and other children did not have deep living knowledge about the Sun. They had seen it for an hour seven years ago when they were only two years old. But Margot had the fortune to enjoy the warmth of Sunlight till she was 5 years old in Ohio. Others got used to live in the dark but Margot wasn’t comfortable living in the dark planet in the underground tunnel. She longed to see the Sun. She wrote poem on the Sun. She distanced herself from others . and spoke less. The feeling that she was different from them was a cause that made the other students in the school bully her.
What were their feelings towards Margot at the end of the story?
At the end of the story, they felt sorry for Margot whom they had locked up. They realized that they had done a cruel thing to her. Their faces had become solemn and pale as they were feeling guilty and moved slowly towards the closet and opened the door to let her out.
What does the title of the story convey?
The title of the story suggests, the summer in Venus does not last a few months. It lasts only for an hour in a day. The entire season is capsuled in a single day which is unusual.
3. Answer the following questions in a paragraph of about 100-150 words each.
What is the conflict between Margot and the other children in the story, “All Summer in a day”?
Margot had a vivid memory of having seen the Sun till she was five years old on the planet earth. Though she had come to Venus planet school, her heart longed for the ‘Sunny day’. Preparations were going on to send her back to earth because one day she threw tantrums refusing to take a shower. Her intended visit could cost thousands of dollars to her parents. She drew paintings of the Sun and clarified the shape of the Sun and the warmth it generated. All the other students hated her superior understanding of the Sun and her possible return to the earth. She was not their “kind”. She kept her convictions. She refused to mix with them. This was the conflict with Margot and other children in the story.
How do the children react to the long awaited event in the story?
Children get really excited. They want to see the touch of sunlight on all form of life in the planet. They want to tan themselves in the new found warmth of the Sun. Children persist that they be allowed to go out to the Sun. The teacher allows them with a warning that they must be back in two hours. They start running and turning their faces up to the sky and feeling the Sun on their cheeks like a warm iron. They take off their jackets to allow the Sun to bum their arms. They gladly shouted “Oh, its better than Sun lamps. Children stood in the great jungle in the Venus. The jungle was in the colour of stones as they had not seen the Sun for years.
The children lay out laughing on the jungle mattresses and heard it sigh and squeak under them resilient and alive. They ran among the trees, they slipped and fell and pushed one another. They played hide and seek. But most of them squinted at the sun until tears ran down their faces. They put their hands up to the yellowness and the amazing blueness, they breathed off the fresh air and listened to the silence in a blessed sea of sound lessness. They looked at everything and savoured everything. Like animals escaped from their caves, they ran shouting in circles. Their mirth continued for one hour.
The sun brought about a positive change in the attitude of the children. Illustrate the statement.
After really enjoying the brief summer that lasted for an hour, they quietly returned to the tunnel. Suddenly they remembered that they had locked Margot in a closet and a sense of guilt pervaded among all the students. Margot, who was most anxiously waiting to see the Sun had been locked up. They had the opportunity to play in the brief summer but she had to stay in the dark, feeling lonely. She did not deserve that punishment. Realizing their folly, they went back and opened the door very slowly. There was silence. They let Margot out slowly. The arrogance in their behaviour was gone. They were sorry for Margot who they had punished just because she was sharing her real experiences of ‘sunlight’. She had lost the chance to see the Sun.
Did the children regret having locked Margot in a closet? Answer citing relevantly from the story.
Yes, the children did regret. Young children can’t keep feelings like anger and hatred for long. The collective sense of guilt tormented them. The joy they experienced under the sunlight for an hour vanished. A kind of uncomfortable gloom and silence fell among them. They looked at one another with remorsefulness. They couldn’t meet each other’s glances. They felt as if someone had driven them like so many stakes into the floor.
One of the girls said, “Margot”. Another girl whispered, “go on.” They could perceive only silence behind the door. They unlocked the door even more slowly and let Margot out. After all, all her descriptions of the Sun turned out to be correct. They had unjustly punished her. Their arrogance and aversion had abandoned them. They were guilt-driven. They did not know how to appease her. They were penitent but had no words to seek Margot’s forgiveness.
What kind of vegetation was seen in the forest of Venus? How was it different.
The jungle continued to grow tumultuously. The children saw a nest of Octopi, clustering up great arms of flesh like weed, wavering and flowering in that brief spring. It was the colour of rubber and ash, this jungle, from the many years without sunlight was the colour of stones and white cheeses and ink. It was the colour of moon. The grass was not green. A thousand forests had been crushed under the rains. They have grown again up a thousand times to be crushed again. This was the way the jungle existed in Venus.
4. Based on your understanding of the story, complete the story map.
5. Find out and encircle the following words in the word grid. (The words have been placed horizontally, vertically, diagonally and even back to front)
Now read the sentences below. Complete them appropriately with the words you identified from the grid.
- The scientists ______ that the Sun would come out on Venus that day after seven years.
- The children are getting ready for the _____ event.
- The children Margot as she _____ the Sun.
- William and other children have bullied her and _____ her in a closet.
- When the Sun comes out, the children _____ the sun.
- discriminate, recalls
Ray Bradbury’s “All Summer in a Day” is a piece of science fiction. Discuss plots of similar stories with your partner and share your ideas with the class.
We read a story called “The thief’. Yarmuk is one of the top thieves of the solar system. He overhears a secret about planet ‘X’. There is no crime in planet ‘X’. There are no policemen. Most of the shops had no assistants. They were all honesty stores. Yarmuk wanted details about the location of the planet so that he could steal from a jewel store there and settle for life. He mixes a tranquillizer in his friend’s Makin’s second drink. When Makin loses his consciousness, he obtains the address of a man who knows the coordinates of the planet ‘X’. He steals into the house of that man. He uses a hallucinogen to get the information he wants from the man. He prowls the space parking lot. On visiting a space ship dealer, he collects information on different spacecraft and narrows down on MIG-31 spacecraft for his trip to planet ‘X’. He finds a newly married couple parking in a hotel. He takes a room just next to the couple.
Using a false key, he enters their room. He gasses them both and takes space-port parking lot pass; the electronic card which opens their spaceships air lock and controls its engines and the hyper-wave radio key. He vacates the room explaining that he got a video call from his wife that she was sick. Yarmuk enters the spaceport and explaining his wife’s sudden illness get permission to blast off. He reaches planet ‘X’. The parking charges in the space port are ridiculously cheap. To try to find out, if alarm goes off, he stealthily picks up socks in an unmanned textile showroom. Nothing happens. Emboldened by the attempt he goes to one of the posh jewellery shops.
He makes a mental note of which ever jewels he wants to steal the following day. He takes two big suitcases and stuffs all valuable jewels and rushes back to the hotel. Nobody checks him. He sleeps gladly. The next morning when he leaves the hotel, he is stopped by the security guards with stenguns. He does not understand how his theft got found out. Later he learns that planet ‘X’ is full of telepathists, mind readers and clairvoyants. Stray customers who had seen him at the jewellery and the hotel staff have read his thoughts and just communicated in a flash of a second through their minds. He is sentenced to 20 years in the alien’s jail.
All Summer in a Day About The Author
Ray Douglas Bradbury (August 22, 1920 – June 5, 2012) was an American author and screenwriter. He worked in a variety of genres, including fantasy, science fiction, horror, and fiction. Widely regarded as the most important figure in the development of science fiction as a literary genre, Ray Bradbury’s works evoke the themes of racism, censorship, technology, nuclear war, humanistic values and the importance of imagination. Ray Bradbury is well-known for his incredibly descriptive style.
He employs figurative language (mostly similes, metaphors, and personification) throughout the novel and enriches his story with symbolism. On April 16, 2007, Bradbury received a special citation from the Pulitzer Prize jury “for his distinguished, prolific, and deeply influential career as an unmatched author of science fiction and fantasy.” Bradbury also wrote and consulted on screenplays and television scripts, including Moby Dick and It Came from Outer Space. Many of his works were adapted to comic book, television, and film formats.
All Summer in a Day Summary in English
Bradbury’s story “All Summer in a day” revolves around a day’s happening in planet Venus after it is colonized by humans. This story falls under the category of Science fiction. So far, Earth is the only planet supporting human beings and the survival of millions of plants and thousands of animals. But in this story we come across children who are settled in Venus in an underground tunnel.
Excitement of children
Scientist predicted that the Sun would be visible in planet Venus for an hour. Children, in the dark planet, were overjoyed about the event. Each tried to visualise how the Sun would appear. Except Margot, all the children had seen the Sun seven years ago. M&rgot had come only four years ago. Till 5, she was in Ohio and had seen and enjoyed many “sunny days” and summer lasting three months. She says it is an orb like a penny. It is a kind of a ball with yellow flame. Its burning like a stove. The more details she gives, the more she is hated by her peers. Realising the unspoken but obvious contempt in the eyes of the peers, Margot keeps quiet. William teases Margot. Her silence of deep understanding of Sun annoys peers.
Be different and be punished
Margot is different from the students in the school. One day she even threw tantrums and wanted to be sent back to her parents to the earth. Other children realised that it would cost a fortune for her parents. But she was helpless. She stopped talking to the peers who did not hide their hatred. They teased her. She ignored and started anxiously waiting for the brief encounter with the Sun. She deeply believed that as per the prediction of the scientists, they would see the sun for an hour in the Venus planet. Her knowing silence and unwillingness disturbed the peers so much that they forcefully locked her up in a room.
When other children had nightmarish dreams recalling how the Sun was 7 years ago, Margot remembered the yellow lemon-like ball of fire she had seen almost everyday in Ohio for 5 long years. She secretly disdained the inadequate knowledge of her peers.
Pride and Prejudice
Margot was in love with the Sun. Margot wrote a poem, “I think Sun is a flower, that blooms for just one hour.” She read out the poem when it was raining outside the classroom. She knew for sure that her friends were dreaming and remembering gold or yellow crayon or coin large enough to buy the world with. They were often woken up by the tatting drum of rainfall. Her unexpressed pride over her knowledge of the Sun had really caused a prejudice among children. They locked her up in the anticipated day of sunlight
All Summer in a Day Summary in Tamil
‘All summer in a day’ (“ஒரு நாளில் கோடை |காலம்” என்ற பிராட்பரியின் இந்தக் கதை வீனஸ் கோளை மனிதன் ஆக்ரமித்தப் பிறகு நடக்கும் நிகழ்வுகளைத் தழுவி சுழல்கிறது. இது அறிவியல் புனைக் கதையாகும். இதுவரை நம் பூமி தான் பல கோடி மரங்களும் மற்றும் பல்லாயிரம் விலங்குகளும், மனிதனும் வாழ்வதற்கு துணையாக நின்றது. ஆனால், இந்தக் கதையில் நாம் காணுவது வீனஸ் கோளில் | குழந்தைகள் பாதாளத்தில் வாழும் அதிசயம்.
விஞ்ஞானிகள் வீனஸ் கோளில் சூரியன் ஒரு மணி நேரம் தென்படும் எனக் கணித்து அறிவித்தனர். இருண்ட கோளில் இருந்த குழந்தைகளுக்கு ஒரே குதூகலம். சூரியன் எங்ஙனம் இருக்கும் என அவரவர் கற்பனை செய்தனர். மார்கோட்டைத் தவிர மற்ற அனைவரும் | சூரியனை ஏழு வருடங்களுக்கு முன்பு பார்த்திருந்தனர். | ஆனால் மார்கோட் 4 வருடம் முன்பு தான் இங்கு வந்ததால், ஐந்து வயது வரை ஓஹையோவில் இருந்த போது நிறைய வெயில் காலங்கள்
அதுவும் மூன்று மாதங்களுக்கு நீடிக்கக்கூடியதாக அமைய அதை அனுபவித்துள்ளாள். சூரியனை மார்கோட் ஒரு பைசா அளவு வட்டப் பந்து என சித்தரிக்கிறாள். அது மஞ்சள் | நிற தீப்பந்து எனவும் சித்தரிக்கிறாள். அடுப்பைப் | போன்று எறியக் கூடியதாக இருந்தது என்கிறாள். சூரியனைப் பற்றி அவள் அதிக தகவலைக் கொடுக்க கொடுக்க அவளின் குழு அவளை வெறுத்தது. குழுவினர் எதிர் பேச்சு பேசாவிடினும் அவர்கள் கண்களில் தெரிந்த வெறுப்பைக் கண்டு மௌனமானாள். வில்லியம், மார்கோட்டை கிண்டல் செய்தான். சூரியன் பற்றி அவள் அறிந்திருந்த ஆழமான தகவல்கள் அவர்களை வெறுப்புறச் செய்தது.
வேறுபட்டு இருந்ததால் தண்டனைக்கு ஆளாக்கப்பட்டாள்.
பள்ளிக்கூடத்தில் மார்கோட் மற்ற மாணவ மாணவியிடம் இருந்து வேறுபட்டு இருந்தாள். ஒரு நாள் தன்னை தன் பெற்றோரைக் காண பூமிக்கு அனுப்பி விடுமாறு ரகளையும் செய்தாள். மற்ற குழந்தைகள் அது மார்கோட்டின் பெற்றோருக்கு பெருத்த செலவினை உண்டாக்கும் என அறிந்தனர். ஆனால், மார்கோட் விடாப்பிடியாக இருந்தாள். தன் மீது வெறுப்பை வெளிப்படுத்திய தன் குழுவினரோடு பேச மறுத்தாள். அவர்கள் மார்கோட்டை கிண்டல் செய்தனர். அதை அவள் பொருட்படுத்தாமல் சூரியனை சற்று நேரம் தரிசிப்பதை எதிர் நோக்கி காத்திருந்தாள். விஞ்ஞானிகள் கூறியது போல் ஒரு மணி நேரம் சூரியனை வீனஸ் கோளில் தரிசிக்கப் போவது உறுதி என நம்பினாள். மார்கோட்டின் மௌனமும், மற்றவரிடத்தே காட்டிய அலட்சியப் போக்கும் வெகுவாக குழுவினரைப் பாதித்ததால் மார்கோட்டை அவர்கள் ஒரு அறையில் போட்டு பூட்டினர்.
சூரியன் ஏழு வருடங்கள் முன் எங்ஙனம் இருந்தது என்பதைப் பற்றிய பயங்கரக் கனவுகள் குழந்தைகளுக்கு ஏற்பட, மார்கோட்டிற்கோ சூரியனை சிறிய எலுமிச்சை பந்தாய் ஐந்து ஆண்டுகள் ஓஹையோவில் தான் ஒவ்வொரு நாளும் கண்டது நினைவுக்கு வந்தது. குழவினர் அளித்த போதாத தகவல்களை அவள் இரகசியமாக புறக்கணித்தாள்.
மார்கோட் சூரியனிடத்தில் பிரியம் கொண்டிருந்தாள், மார்கோட் ஒரு கவிதை எழுதினாள். சூரியன் ஒரு பூப் போன்றது. ‘அது ஒரு மணி நேரம் தான் பூக்கும்’ என்று, இந்தக் கவிதையை மழை பெய்து கொண்டிருக்கும் போது வகுப்பறையில் வாசித்தாள். | கட்டாயமாக குழுவினர் தங்கம் அல்லது மஞ்சள் | நிறத்திலோ அல்லது உலகை வாங்கவல்ல பெரிய அளவிலான பைசாவையோ சூரியனுக்கு ஒப்பாக கற்பனை செய்து கொண்டிருக்கிறார்கள் என்பதை அறிந்தாள். அவர்கள் மழையோசைக்கு அடிக்கடி விழித்த வண்ணம் இருந்தனர். சூரியனின் பால் தான் அறிந்திருந்த தகவலின் பேரில் உண்டான கர்வம், குழுவினரிடையே பாரபட்ச உணர்வை உண்டாக்கியது. ஆதலால், சூரியன் உதிக்கும் என எதிர்நோக்கிய நாளன்று மார்கோட்டை ஒரு அறையில் தள்ளி பூட்டினர்
7 வருடம் பெய்த மழை:
ஏழு வருடங்களாக தொடர்ந்து மழை பெய்தது. தொடர்ந்து பெய்த மழையால் ஏற்பட்ட பெருத்த வெள்ளப் பெருக்கின் காரணமாக தீவைச் சுற்றி அலைகள் மோதிக் கொண்டிருந்தன. ஏழாயிரம் காடுகள் மழையால் அழிந்தன.
வீனஸ் கோளில் சூரிய உதயம்:
திடீரென்று மழை நின்றது. சூரியன் தோன்றியது. வெண்கல நிறத்தில் மிகப் பெரியதாகக் காணப்பட்டது. சூரியனைச் சுற்றி வானம் மிகுந்த நீல நிறமாய் காணப்பட்டது. காடு சூரிய ஒளியில் பிரகாசிக்க, மாய வசப்பட்டிருந்த குழந்தைகள் திடீரென்று விடுதலை பெற்றது போல் கூக்குரலுடன் ஓடினர். ஆசிரியர் அவர்களை நீண்ட தூரம் செல்லா வண்ணம் எச்சரித்தார். அவர்களுக்கு 2 மணி நேரம் வெளியே சென்று வர அனுமதி கிடைத்தது.
திடீரென்று மழை நின்றது.
சூரியன் தோன்றியது. வெண்கல நிறத்தில் மிகப் பெரியதாகக் காணப்பட்டது.) சூரியனைச் சுற்றி வானம் மிகுந்த நீல நிறமாய் காணப்பட்டது. காடு சூரிய ஒளியில் பிரகாசிக்க, மாய | வசப்பட்டிருந்த குழந்தைகள் திடீரென்று விடுதலை பெற்றது போல் கூக்குரலுடன் ஓடினர். ஆசிரியர் அவர்களை நீண்ட தூரம் செல்லா வண்ணம் எச்சரித்தார். அவர்களுக்கு 2 மணி நேரம் வெளியே சென்று வர அனுமதி கிடைத்தது.
All Summer in a Day Glossary