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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 6 Applications of Vector Algebra Ex 6.5

Question 1.

Find the parametric form of vector equation and Cartesian equations of a straight line passing through (5, 2, 8) and is perpendicular to the straight lines

Solution:

∴ This’ vector is perpendicular to both the given straight lines.

∴ The required straight line is

\(\vec{r}=\vec{a}+t(\vec{b} \times \vec{d})\)

Question 2.

Show that the lines are skew lines and hence find the shortest distance between them.

Solution:

Question 3.

If the two lines intersect at a point, find the value of m.

Solution:

Question 4.

Show that the lines \(\frac{x-3}{3}=\frac{y-3}{-1}\), z – 1 = 0 and \(\frac{x-6}{2}=\frac{z-1}{3}\), y – 2 = 0 intersect. Also find the point of intersection

Solution:

Any point on the Second line

∴ The required point of intersection is (6, 2, 1)

Question 5.

Show that the straight lines x + 1 = 2y = -12z and x = y + 2 = 6z – 6 are skew and hence find the shortest distance between them.

Solution:

Question 6.

Find the parametric form of vector equation of the straight line passing through (-1, 2, 1) and parallel to the straight line \(\vec{r}=(2 \hat{i}+3 \hat{j}-\hat{k})+t(\hat{i}-2 \hat{j}+\hat{k})\) and hence find the shortest distance between the lines.

Solution:

Question 7.

Find the foot of the perpendicular drawn from the point (5, 4, 2) to the line \(\frac{x+1}{2}=\frac{y-3}{3}=\frac{z-1}{-1}\). Also, find the equation of the perpendicular.

Solution:

### Samacheer Kalvi 12th Maths Solutions Chapter 6 Applications of Vector Algebra Ex 6.5 Additional Problems

Question 1.

Find the shortest distance between the parallel line

Solution:

Question 2.

Show that the two lines \(\vec{r}=(\vec{i}-\vec{j})+t(2 \vec{i}+\vec{k})\) and \(\vec{r}=(2 \vec{i}-\vec{j})+s(\vec{i}+\vec{j}-\vec{k})\) skew lines and find the distance between them.

Solution:

Question 3.

Show that the lines intersect and hence find the point of intersection

Solution:

Any point on this line is of the form (2µ + 4, 0, 3µ – 1)

Since they are intersecting, for some λ, µ

(3λ + 1, – λ + 1,- 1) = (2µ + 4, 0, 3µ – 1) ⇒ λ = 1 and µ = 0

To find the point of intersection either take λ = 1 or µ = 0

∴ The point of intersection is (4, 0, – 1),

Question 4.

Find the shortest distance between the skew lines.

Solution:

Compare the given equation with \(\vec{r}=\vec{a}_{1}+t \vec{u}\) and \(\vec{r}=\vec{a}_{2}+s \vec{v}\)

Question 5.

Find the shortest distance between the parallel lines.

Solution: