# Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 1 Number System Ex 1.3

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 1 Number System Ex 1.3

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks.
(i) -80 × ____ = -80
(ii) (-10) × ____ = 20
(iii) 100 × ___ = -500
(iv) ____ × (-9) = -45
(v) ___ × 75 = 0
Solution:
(i) 1
(ii) -2
(iii) -5
(iv) 5
(v) 0

Question 2.
Say True or False:
(i) (-15) × 5 = 75
(ii) (-100) × 0 × 20 = 0
(iii) 8 × (-4) = 32
Solution:
(i) False
(ii) True
(iii) False

Question 3.
What will be the sign of the product of the following:
(i) 16 times of negative integers.
(ii) 29 times of negative integers.
Solution:
(i) 16 is an even interger.
If negative integers are multiplied even number of times, the product is a positive integer.
∴ 16 times a negative integer is a positive integer.

(ii) 29 times negative integer.
If negative integers are multiplied odd number of times, the product is a negative integer. 29 is odd.
∴ 29 times negative integers is a negative integer. Question 4.
Find the product of
(i) (-35) × 22
(ii) (-10) × 12 × (-9)
(iii) (-9) × (-8) × (-7) × (-6)
(iv) (-25) × 0 × 45 × 90
(v) (-2) × (+50) × (-25) × 4
Solution:
(i) 35 × 22 = -770
(ii) (-10) × 12 × (-9) = (-120) × (-9) = +1080
(iii) (-9) × (-8) × (-7) × (-6) = (+72) × (-7) × (-6) = (-504) × (-6) = +3024
(iv) (-25) × 0 × 45 × 90 = 0 × 45 × 90 = 0 × 90 = 0
(v) (-2) × (+50) × (-25) × 4 = (-100) × -25 × 4 = 2500 × 4 = 10,000

Question 5.
Check the following for equality and if they are equal, mention the property.
(i) (8 – 13) × 7 and 8 – (13 × 7)
Solution:
Consider (8 – 13) × 7 = (-5) × 7 = -35
Now 8 – (13 × 7) = 8 – 91 = -83
∴ (8 – 13) × 7 ≠ 8 – (13 × 7)

(ii) [(-6) – (+8)] × (-4) and (-6) – [8 × (-4)]
Solution:
[(-6) – (+8)] × (-4) = [(-6) + (-8)] × (-4) = (-14) × (-4) = +56
Now (-6) – [8 × (-4)] = (-6) – (-32)
= (-6) + (+32) = +26
∴ [(-6) – (+8)] × (-4) ≠ (-6) – [8 × (-4)]

(iii) 3 × [(-4) + (-10)] and [3 × (-4) + 3 × (-10)]
Solution:
Consider 3 × [(-4) + (-10)] = 3 × -14 = -42
Now [3 × (-4) + 3 × (-10)] = (-12) + (-30) = -42
Here 3 × [(-4) + (-10)] = [3 × (-4) + 3 × (-10)]
It is the distributive property of multiplication over addition.

Question 6.
During summer, the level of the water in a pond decreases by 2 inches every week due to evaporation. What is the change in the level of the water over a period of 6 weeks?
Solution:
Level of water decreases a week = 2 inches.
Level of water decreases in 6 weeks = 6 × 2 = 12 inches Question 7.
Find all possible pairs of integers that give a product of -50.
Solution:
Factor of 50 are 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50.
Possible pairs of integers that gives product -50:
(-1 × 50), (1 × (-50)), (-2 × 25), (2 × (-25)), (-5 × 10), (5 × (-10))

Objective Type Questions

Question 8.
Which of the following expressions is equal to -30.
(i) -20 – (-5 × 2)
(ii) (6 × 10) – (6× 5)
(iii) (2 × 5)+ (4 × 5)
(iv) (-6) × (+5)
Solution:
(iv) (-6) × (+5)
Hint:
(i) -20 + (10) = -10
(ii) 60 – 30 = 30
(iii) 10 + 20 = 30
(iv) (-6) × (+5) = – 30

Question 9.
Which property is illustrated by the equation: (5 × 2) + (5 × 5) = 5 × (2 + 5)
(i) commutative
(ii) closure
(iii) distributive
(iv) associative
Solution:
(iii) distributive Question 10.
11 × (-1) = _____
(i) -1
(ii) 0
(iii) +1
(iv) -11
Solution:
(iv) -11

Question 11.
(-12) × (-9) =
(i) 108
(ii) -108
(iii) +1
(iv) -1
Solution:
(i) 108