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Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Solutions Term 1 Chapter 4 The Living World of Plants
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science The Living World of Plants Textual Evaluation
I. Choose the appropriate answer
The World Of Plants Class 6 Question 1.
Pond is an example of ______ ecosystem.
The Living World Of Plants Class 6 Question 2.
The important function of stomata is ……….
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Science Question 3.
Organ of absorption is ______
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Solutions Question 4.
The habitat of water hyacinth is
II. True or False
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Solution Question 1.
Plants can live without water.
False. Plants cannot live without water.
Class 6 Samacheer Science Solutions Question 2.
All plants have chlorophyll.
6th Standard Science Question 3.
Plants have three parts: the root, the stem and leaves.
False. Plants have several parts: Such as the root, the stem, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds.
6th Standard The Living World Question 4.
Mountain is an example for freshwater habitat.
False. Rivers, ponds, lakes and pools are the example for freshwater habitat. (OR) Mountain is an example for Terrestrial habitat.
Samacheerkalvi.Guru 6th Science Question 5.
Root is modified into spines.
False. Leaves are modified into spines.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Question 6.
Green plants need sunlight.
III. Fill in the Blanks.
- Earth’s surface is covered by __________ % of water.
- The driest places on Earth are __________
- Fixation and absorption are the main functions of __________
- Primary organs of photosynthesis are __________
- Tap root system is present in __________ plants.
- More than 70%
IV. Match the following.
V. Arrange in correct sequence.
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Science Solutions Question 1.
Leaves – Stem Root – Flower.
Root, Stem, Leaves, Flower.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Term 1 Question 2.
VI. Very short answer.
Samacheer Guru 6th Science Question 1.
Classify the plants on the basis of their habitats.
The two major habitats.
(a) Aquatic habitat
(b) Terrestrial habitat
(a) Aquatic habitat classified into two. They are
- Fresh water habitat
- Marine water habitat
(b) Terrestrial habitat classified into three.
- Forest habitat
- Grassland habitat
- Desert habitat.
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Standard Science Question 2.
Identify the Desert plants from the following-
Cactus, Hydrilla, Mango and Rose
Cactus plants – grow in deserts, and are able to store water in their stem.
The Living World Class 6 Question Answers Question 3.
Define the term habitat.
A dwelling place of an animal, plant or other organism, to live and reproduce is called habitat.
Samacheer Kalvi.Guru 6th Science Question 4.
Relate the terms leaves and photosynthesis.
Leaves are green in colour, they have chlorophyll and do photosynthesis.
VII. Short Answer.
6th Standard Science 4th Lesson Question 1.
Why do you call jasmine plant, a twiner?
Jasmine plant has weak stem. It cannot stand straight on its own. It must climb on any support to survive. So jasmine plant is called as twiner.
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Science Guide Question 2.
Compare the tap root and fibrous root systems.
Tap root :
Single root-grow straight with smaller roots arise from the tap root.
eg. Dicot plants- Bean, mango
Fibrous root :
Cluster of roots arising from base of the stem, tin and uniform in size.
eg. Monocots, grass, paddy
6th Science Solution Guide Question 3.
Distinguish between terrestrial and aquatic habitats.
- They are found on land
- They include desert, grassland, forest, farms, towns and cities
- They are classified into 3 types, such as Desert habitat, Grassland habitat & Forest habitat.
- Eg. Rubber tree, teak tree, neem tree
- They are found in water.
- They include the areas, permanently as well as occasionally covered by water.
- They are classified into 2 types, such as Fresh water habitat, & Marine water habitat.
- Eg. Lily, lotus, marine algae, sea grasses.
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6th Science Book Back Answers Question 4.
List out the plants present in your school garden.
Shoe Flower, Ferns, Crotons, Roses, Lilies, Cactus, Coconut Trees, Royal Palm, Clitoria, Cycas, Agave, Allamanda, Tomato, Brinjal, Lady’s Finger etc in Terrace garden.
VIII. Answer in detail.
Samacheer Kalvi Guru 6 Science Question 1.
Make a list of the functions of root and stem.
Functions of root:
- Fixes the plant to the soil.
- Absorbs water and minerals from the soil.
- Stores food in some plants like carrot and beet root.
Functions of stem:
- Supports the branches, leaves, flowers and fruits.
- Transports water and minerals from roots to upper aerial plant parts.
- Transports the prepared food from leaves to other parts.
- Stores food as in the case of sugarcane.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Standard Science Question 2.
Study the given concept map. Connect them correcting by drawing arrow marks. Complete the map by filling the blanks.
Guess it :
Ginger: Is it a Root or stem?
Ginger is often mistaken as a root. In fact it is actually an underground stem from a tropical herb plant Zingiber Officinale.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science The Living World of Plants Intext Activities
Activity – 1
Water absorption by Root
Aim:- To observe absorption of water by root
Samacheer Kalvi 6 Science Question 1.
What you need?
A carrot, a glass of water and blue ink.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science Book Solutions Question 2.
What to do?
Place a carrot in a glass of water with a few drops of blue ink. Leave the carrot in water for two to three days. Then cut the carrot into half length wise and observe.
The Living World 6th Standard Question 3.
What do you learn?
Blue colour appears in carrot which indicates the upward movement of water in the carrot showing that root conducts water.
Activity – 2
Conduction of water
Aim:- To observe conduction of water by stem.
Samacheer Kalvi Class 6 Science Solutions Question 1.
What you need?
A small twig of balsam plant, a glass of water and a few drops of red ink.
What to do?
Place the small twig in the water with red ink.
What do you see?
The stem becomes reddish.
What do you learn?
This is because red coloured water is being absorbed by the stem upwards.
Activity – 3
The teacher will divide students into four groups. Each group leader will pull a plant part from a “hat” (roots, stems, leaves, and flower). The teacher will take students around campus to search for their assigned plant parts. They have to locate different types of plants discussed in the class room. The learner will return to the class, follow a process sheet given to create a poster with their group and identify correctly each type of root, stem, or leaf observed. The flower group will create a poster by identifying correctly each part of the flower. Each group will share their posters within the class.
Activity to done by the students themselves
Activity – 4
Read the following story along with your friend
Once, I was a happy monkey. I lived in a beautiful thick forest with my mother and two brothers. We ran and played in the lush grass. On one hot day, I fell fast asleep in the cool shade of a tree. Suddenly the bright sun woke me up. I opened my eyes and could not believe what I saw everything has changed. Everything had been destroyed. I stood and looked at the stumps that used to be trees. Nothing was left apart from hard dry ground and only streets and building. I saw a deer that looked very sad, “where have all the trees gone and where are all the other animals?” I asked her.
She explained how humans had chopped down all the trees, but had not planted new ones to replace them. After a while, I said good bye to deer. My home had gone. I didn’t know where my family was, and I was hungry and thirsty, day and night. I walked in search of water, food and safe place to sleep. Whenever I stopped, to rest humans drove me away with sticks and angry voices. I could feel my body getting weak and tired. One day when I had almost given all the hope, I came across a cool and dark forest. As I walked through it, I found plenty of food and water. The forest was safe for me. There were no signs of human visiting it.
- Why did the deer feel sad?
- Who chopped the trees?
- Which is the safest place for monkey to live?
- What is a habitat?
- The deer felt sad because humans had chopped down all the trees and there was no place to live.
- People had chopped the trees.
- A forest is the safest place for monkey to live.
- The dwelling place of an animal, plant or other organism is called habitat.
Activity – 5
Visit a nearby nursery. Choose any ten varieties of plants and place them under the appropriate habitats.
Activity – 6
Name of the student :
Plant types to be observed
1. A tendril climber
2. A twiner
3. A plant with thorn
Tabulate the modification that you have observed in these plants.
Name of the student : Ramesh
Date : 28 – 07 – 2018
Location : Thekkady
Cactus plant is green in colour and performs photosynthesis. Which part of the plant does photosynthesis?
The stem part of the cactus plant performs photosynthesis.
Samacheer Kalvi 6th Science The Living World of Plants Additional Questions
I. Choose the appropriate answer.
______ is a natural science concerned with study of life and living organisms.
The part of a stem from where a leaf arises is
(c) terminal bud
(d) lateral bud
Main axis of the shoot system Is called ______
The green colour of the leaf is due to the presence of
World habitat day is observed on first Monday of ______
______ is one of the fast growing plant during active growth phase.
______ is the longest river in the world.
Length of Nile river is ______
(a) 6560 km
(b) 6650 km
(c) 6506 km
(d) 5606 km
(b) 6650 km
Air spaces in stems and petioles of ______ plant are useful for floating In water.
(c) water hyacinth
The first land plants are ______
(a) neem and pine
(b) hibiscus and lotus
(c) banyan and peepal
(d) mosses and liverworts
(d) mosses and liverworts
The ______ forest in South America produces half of the world’s oxygen supply.
(b) Congo rain
(c) Amazon rain
(d) Dry deciduous
(c) Amazon rain
II. True or False – If False give the correct answer.
The living world comprises of plants and animals.
Root has nodes and internodes.
False. Stem has nodes and intemodes.
Tap root consists of a cluster of roots arising from the base of the stem.
False. Fibrous root consists of a cluster of roots arising from the base of the stem.
The buds at the axils of the leaves are called terminal buds.
False. The buds at the axils of the leaves are called auxiliary buds.
In case of sugarcane, food is stored in the stem region.
The longest river in India is the Ganges river.
The Amazon rain forest in Canada produces half of the world’s oxygen supply.
False. The Amazon rain forest in South America produces has of the world’s oxygen supply.
III. Fill in the blanks.
- Plants can prepare _______
- _______ are positively geotropic in nature.
- Mango plant is a _______ plant.
- _______ plants store food in their roots.
- The aerial part of the plant body above the ground is known as _______
- The part of the stem between two successive nodes is called _______
- The flat portion of the leaf is called _______
- The green colour of the leaf is due to the presence of green coloured pigment called _______
- _______ plant’s leaves grow up to 3 metres across.
- _______ are free floating Algae.
- _______ desert is called as Great Indian desert.
- River Ganges is _______ km long.
- Marine plants perform about _______ of all photosynthesis that occurs on the planet.
- Carrot and beet root
- shoot system
- Leaf Lamina
- Victoria amazonica
IV. Complete the given analogy.
Aerial part above the ground : Shoot system
Underground part of the axis of a plant : _______
Dicotyledonous plants : Bean, Mango
Monocotyledonous plants : _______
Carrot, beet root : store food in roots.
Sugarcane : _______
Stores food in shoot
Photosynthesis : _______
Transpiration : Stomata.
Flowering plant : Sun flower
Non-flowering plant : _______
Mango : Angiosperm
Cycas : _______
Water lily : Fresh water habitat
Marine Algae : _______
Marine water habitat
Rainfall 25 – 200 cm : Forest habitat
Rainfall below 25 cm : _______
Sweet Peas : Tendril Climber
Clitoria : _______
Leaves are modified into spines : Opuntia
Stem has sharp thorns : _______
V. Match the following.
- Tap root – (a) Grass
- Aquatic plant – (b) Teak tree
- Desert plant – (c) Neem
- Grassland – (d) Opuntia
- Terrestrial plant – (e) Water lily
- – (c)
- – (e)
- – (d)
- – (a)
- – (b)
VI. Short Answers.
What are the uses of plants?
Plants are used as food, medicine, wood and shelter.
Classify plants on the basis of flowers.
Plants can be classified into 2 on the basis of flowers
- Non-flowering plants – Eg. Riccia
- Flowering plants – Eg. Mango
What are the properties of root?
- Root lies below the surface of the soil.
- It does not have nodes and intemodes.
- It has a root cap at the tip.
- Roots are positively geotropic in nature.
Notes on cactus.
- Cactus – desert plant ( where there is less or no rain fall)
- Stem – store water
- Leaves – modified to spines
- Roots – well developed, go deep down into soil to get water.
- Shoot system is the aerial part of the plant body above the ground.
- It consists of stem, leaves, flowers and fruits. .
- It grows towards the sunlight.
- It has nodes and intemodes.
List the functions of leaves.
- The green leaves prepare food by the process of photosynthesis.
- They help in respiration
- They carryout transpiration.
Classify the plants on the basis of (i) flower and (ii) position of seed.
Based on flower:
They are classified into
- Flowering plants
- Non-flowering plants
Based on the position of seed :
They are classified into
List the characters of aquatic plant.
In aquatic plants, roots are very much reduced in size. Stem and leaves have air chambers that allow to float in the water.
Give some examples of fresh water habitat and marine water habitat plants.
Fresh water habitat: Water hyacinth, water lily, lotus.
Marine water habitat: Marine Algae, Sea grasses, Marsh grass, Phytoplanktons.
Name the part which is modified into tendril in Sweet Peas and Bitter Gourd?
In Sweet Peas : Leaflets are modified.
In Bitter Gourd : Axiliary buds are modified.
Leaves of some plants become wholly or partially modified into sharp pointed structures called thorns or spines.
Name the part which is modified into Thorns or Spines in Agave, Opuntia and Bougainvillea.
In Agave : The leaf apex and margins are modified into thorns.
In Opuntia : The leaves are modified into spines.
In Bougainvillea : The stem has sharp thorns.
VII. Long Answer.
Describe the Structure of Leaf.
- The leaf is a green, flat expanded structure.
- It has a stalk called petiole.
- The flat portion of the leaf is called leaf lamina or leaf blade.
- On the lamina, there is a main vein called midrib.
- The portion of the leaf connected in the nodal region of the stem is known as the leaf base.
- The green colour is due to the presence of green coloured pigment called chlorophyll.
- On the lower side of the leaf there are tiny pores or openings known as stomata.
Draw a diagram of a plant and label its parts.