# Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.1

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 7th Maths Solutions Term 1 Chapter 3 Algebra Ex 3.1

Question 1.
Fill in the blanks
(i) The variable in the expression 16x – 7 is _____
(ii) The constant term of the expression 2y – 6 is _____
(iii) In the expression 25m + 14M, the type of the terms are ______ terms
(iv) The number of terms in the expression 3ab + 4c – 9 is _____
Hint: Terms are 3ab, 4c – 9.
(v) The numerical co-efficient of the term -xy is ______
Hint: -x,y = (- 1 )xy.
Solution:
(i) x
(ii) -6
(iii) unlike
(iv) three
(v) -1

Question 2.
Say true or False
(i) x + (-x) = 0.
(ii) The co-efficient of ab in the term 15 abc is 15.
Hint: Coefficient of ab is 15c
(iii) 2pq and – 7qp are like terms.
(iv) When y = -1, the value of the expression 2y – 1 is 3.
Hint: 2(-1) – 1 = -2 – 1 = – 3
Solution:
(i) True
(ii) False
(iii) True
(iv) False

Question 3.
Fing the numerical co-efficient of each of the following terms: -3yx, 12k, y, 121bc, -x, 9pq, 2ab.
Solution:
(i) Numerical co-efficient of-3yx is – 3
(ii) Numerical co-efficient of 12k is 12
(iii) Numerical coefficient of y is 1
(iv) Numerical co-efficient of 1216c is 121
(v) Numerical co-efficient of – x is – 1
(vi) Numerical co-efficient of 9pq is 9
(vii) Numerical co-efficient of 2ab is 2

Question 4.
Write the variables, constants and terms of the following expressions,
(i) 18 + x – y
(ii) 7p – 4q + 5
(iii) 29x + 13y
(iv) b + 2
Solution:

Question 5.
Identify the like terms among the following 7x, 5y, -8x, 12y, 6z, z, -12x, -9y, 11 z
Solution:

Question 6.
If x = 2 andy = 3, then find the value of the following expressions,
(i) 2x – 3y
(ii) x + y
(iii) 4y – x
(iv) x + 1 – y
Solution:
Given x = 2; y = 3.
(i) 2x – 3y = 2 (2) – 3 (3) = 4 – 9
= 4 + (Additive inverse of 9)
= 4 +(-9) = -5
(ii) x + y = 2 + 3 = 5
(iii) 4y – x = 4 (3) – 2 = 12 – 2 = 10
(iv) x + 1 – y = 2 + 1 – 3 = 3 – 3 = 0

Objective Type Questions

Question 1.
An algebraic statement which is equivalent to the verbal statement “Three times the sum of ‘x’ and ‘y’ is
(i) 3 (x + y)
(ii) 3 + x + y
(iii) 3x + y
(iv) 3 + xy
Solution:
(i) 3 [(x + y)]

Question 2.
The numerical co-efficient of -7mn is
(i) 7
(ii) -7
(iii) p
(iv) -p
Solution:
(ii) -7

Question 3.
Choose the pair of like terms
(i) 7p, 7x
(ii) 7r, 7x
(iii) – 4x, 4
(iv) – 4x, 7x
Solution:
(iv) -4x, 7x

Question 4.
The value of 7a – 4b when a = 3, b = 2 is
(i) 21
(ii) 13
(iii) 8
(iv) 32
Solution:
(ii) 13
Hint: 7(3) – 4(2) = 21 – 8 = 13