# Samacheer Kalvi 6th English Solutions Term 1 Prose Chapter 1 Sea Turtles

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## Tamilnadu Samacheer Kalvi 6th English Solutions Term 1 Prose Chapter 1 Sea Turtles Questions and Answers

Sea Turtle Lesson 6th Standard In English Question 1.
Have you seen turtles? Where do they live?
Yes, I have seen turtles. They live in the Oceans.

6th English Sea Turtles Answers Question 2.
What do you know about turtles?
I know that turtles live long.

Sea Turtles Come To The Shore To Answers Question 3.
Why do you think the turtles in the picture have names such as Leatherback and Hawksbill?
I think that the shells of the turtles are like leather and hawksbill.

Put (✓) for the correct and a (×) for the incorrect statements.

1. Turtles are different from tortoises. (✓)
2. Turtles are sea animals. (✓)
3. There are seven kinds of sea turtles in the world. (✓)
4. Sea turtles are very small. (×)
5. Turtles come ashore to lay eggs. (✓)
6. Sea turtles come to rest on land. (×)
7. Olive Ridleys are the only sea turtles seen on Indian shores. (✓)

Are these statements right? Discuss with your partner and (✓) them if they are correct. Correct them if they are wrong. Share your answers in class.

1. Female Olive Ridleys come ashore at night to lay eggs. (✓)
2. The eggs of an Olive Ridley are in the shape and size of a cricket ball. (×)
3. Ridleys come to lay their eggs in the month of January. (✓)
4. The turtles use their flippers and make a hollow for their nests. (✓)
5. The hatchlings use a tiny egg-tooth to come out of the eggs. (✓)

Fill in the table given below

A. Choose the correct answers. You may choose more than one answer If needed.

Sea Turtles Lesson Question 1.
The _______ is a biological relative of tortoises.
(a) sea turtle
(b) fish
(c) reptile
(a) sea turtle

Sea Turtles 6th Standard Question 2.
In India’s coastal waters we can see a species of _______
(a) tortoises
(b) sea turtles
(c) dolphin
(b) sea turtles

Sea Turtles Book Back Answers Question 3.
Sea turtles come to the shore to
(a) visit their birth place
(b) lay eggs
(c) go back to sea
(b) lay eggs

Sea Turtles Questions and Answers Question 4.
It is a problem for sea turtles to come ashore because _______
(a) they find it difficult to walk on sand
(b) they don’t know their way to the shore
(c) animals and people hunt them
(a) they find it difficult to walk on sand

6th Std Sea Turtle Lesson Plan Question 5.
A turtle’s flippers help it to _______
(a) swim
(b) dig a nest
(c) climb
(a) swim

Sea Turtle Lesson Questions And Answers Question 6.
A sea turtle camouflages its nest by tossing sand on it to _______
(a) hide its eggs from predators
(b) incubate eggs in the warmth of the sun
(c) keep the hatchlings safe
(b) incubate eggs in the warmth of the sun

Vocabulary

B. Find any five words related to sea from the text (Sections I & II). Write them below. Then use the words to frame sentences of your own.

eg: beach – We like to play In the sandy beach.
Swimming – I like swimming
Motorboat – We went on a motorboat
Crabs – People eat crabs as sea food
Sand – Children play on sand
Cavity – There are cavities in beach

C. Fill in the blanks with words that convey correct meaning of the sentences.

1. Tiny hatchlings fall _______ (pray / prey) to many predators.
2. Sea turtles live their (hole / whole) life in the sea.
3. The turtles come ashore only during the _______ (night/knight).
4. The predators follow the _______ (sent / scent) of the turtles to eat their eggs.
5. The female turtles lay eggs and go back to the _______ (see / sea)

1. prey
2. whole
3. night
4. scent
5. sea

D. Use the dues and fill In the crossword puzzle.

1. This word rhymes with seen.
2. This animal has two horns and a spotted coat.
3. This is a huge sea animal.
4. Sounds like hair
5. Shines brightly

Listening

E. Listen to the flash news. Read the questions given below, then listen to the flash news again and complete the responses.

Speaking

F. Look at the picture. Work in groups and give a short Wk about it using the words given below.

Good morning to one and all. I am going to speak about the Students’ Sea Turtle Conservation Network and its activities. This voluntary group protects the Olive Ridley turtles. The boys collect many eggs and incubate in a hatchery. Thus they enjoy doing this service. As soon as the hatchlings come out, they safely take them in a basket of sand. After that they leave them near the sea at night. The little turtles rush into the sea waves. However, rough sea conditions affect the turtles.

Grammar

G. Make meaningful sentences from the table given below.

A turtle – is huge.
– has flippers to swim.

Turtles – live in the sea.
– have a connection with the land.
– are found in coastal waters.
– are wonderful creatures.

H. Write a suitable sentence for the pictures given below.

I. Match the two halves of the sentences and read them.

1. Sea turtles – a. threaten the survival of sea turtles.
2. Hatchlings – b. uses its front flippers to swim.
3. A turtle – c. come ashore to lay eggs.
4. Many factors – a. cut open the leathery egg shell.

1. c
2. d
3. b
4. a

Writing

J. Tortoises and Turtles are not the same. Read the facts given below.
List the similarities and differences between them.

K. Write a paragraph from the contents of the table given above. Frame sentences with these words – but as well as, whereas.
eg. A turtle as well as a tortoise belongs to the reptile family.
A turtle as well as a tortoise belongs to the reptile family. A tortoise is a land animal whereas a turtle is a sea animal. Both a tortoise and a turtle lives long for many years. A tortoise uses its tiny feet to walk but a turtle uses flippers to swim. A tortoise feeds on grass, weeds and flowers but a turtle eats insects and bugs.

Creative Writing

L. Describe the picture in about fifty words and give a suitable title. Make use of the words/phrases given below.

There are many sea animals in the ocean. They are beautiful and wonderful in varied sizes, shape and structure. The fishes are in different colours and are of different varieties. Many rare species of fishes are found in deep sea. Most corals and exotic species are under the sea.

I. Select the Suitable Synonyms.

1. entire
(a) small
(b) partial
(c) whole
(c) whole

2. huge
(a) large
(b) little
(c) dwarfed
(a) large

3. connection
(a) separation
(c) division

4. extremely
(a) majorly
(b) initially
(c) slowly
(a) majorly

5. commonly
(a) individually
(b) usually
(c) urgently
(b) usually

6. haul
(a) pull force
(b) push force
(c) twist force
(a) pull force

7. slash
(a) join
(b) cut
(c) merge
(b) cut

8. emerge
(a) disperse
(b) submerge
(c) come out
(c) come out

9. camouflage
(a) seek
(b) colour
(c) hide
(c) hide

10. scent
(a) stink
(b) perfume
(c) heat
(b) perfume

11. aspect
(a) characteristic
(b) respect
(c) perfect
(a) characteristic

12. prey
(a) winner
(b) victim
(c) survivor
(b) victim

13. tiny
(a) large
(b) huge
(c) small
(c) small

14. estimate
(a) calculate
(b) exact
(c) appropriate
(a) calculate

(a) young
(b) pre-mature
(c) matured
(c) matured

16. survive
(a) die
(b) exist
(c) kill
(b) exist

17. fascinating
(a) interesting
(b) surprising
(c) enjoying
(a) interesting

18. mystery
(a) interesting
(b) story
(c) puzzle
(c) puzzle

19. wonderful
(a) amazing
(b) ordinary
(c) casual
(a) amazing

20. accidentally
(a) wantedly
(b) deliberately
(c) unintentionally
(c) unintentionally

21. construction
(a) destruction
(b) creation
(c) confusion
(b) creation

II. Select the Suitable Antonyms.

1. entire
(a) absolute
(b) integral
(c) partial
(c) partial

2. largest
(a) biggest
(b) smallest
(c) tallest
(b) smallest

3. commonly
(a) rarely
(b) frequently
(c) regularly
(a) rarely

4. after
(a) later
(b) next
(c) before
(c) before

5. life
(a) soul
(b) death
(c) spirit
(b) depth

6. tiny
(a) big
(b) small
(c) little
(a) big

7. predators
(a) hunters
(b) killers
(c) rescuers
(c) rescuers

8. cavity
(a) crater
(b) bulge
(c) dent
(b) bulge

9. camouflage
(a) expose
(c) cover
(a) expose

10. scent
(a) aroma
(b) fragrance
(c) stink
(c) stink

11. emerge
(a) arise
(b) submerge
(c) appear
(b) submerge

12. haul
(a) push
(b) lift
(c) pull
(a) push

13. natural
(a) normal
(b) common
(c) artificial
(c) artificial

14. accidentally
(a) unintentionally
(b) deliberately
(c) unwittingly
(b) deliberately

(a) happily
(b) gloomily
(c) cheerlessly
(a) happily

16. interested
(a) keen
(b) concerned
(c) uninterested
(c) uninterested

17. conservation
(a) preservation
(b) depletion
(c) control
(b) depletion

18. famous
(a) infamous
(b) acclaimed
(c) eminent
(a) infamous

19. estimate
(a) guess
(b) appraise
(c) exact
(c) exact

20. own
(a) possess
(b) rent
(c) dominate
(b) rent

(a) juvenile
(b) grown-up
(c) mature
(a) juvenile

III. Turtles Are Sea Animals True or False.

1. Turtles and tortoises are the same. [False]
2. The Leatherback is the largest sea turtle. [True]
3. Jackals, dogs and pigs will not eat the eggs of Olive Ridley. [False]
4. Crabs and birds will eat the tiny hatchlings. [True]
5. Human activities have put the turtles in grave danger. [True]

IV. Sea Turtles Fill in the Blanks Using the Homophones.

1. The eggs are left to incubate under the warmth of the _______ (sun/son).
2. Most of us have _______ (scene/seen) a tortoise in a zoo or a reptile park.
3. This is _______ (quiet/quite) a problem for female Olive Ridleys for moving on land.
4. Human activities during the _______ (lost/last) few decades have put sea turtles in grave danger.
5. The Olive Ridley weighs up to 35 kg when fully _______ (grown/groan).

1. sun
2. seen
3. quite
4. last
5. grown

V. Choose the Correct Answers (mcq).

Sea Turtle Lesson 6th Standard Question 1.
The hatchlings open the egg shell using their _______
(a) egg-tooth
(b) flippers
(c) body
(a) egg-tooth

6th English Sea Turtles Question 2.
It is estimated by scientists that only one in every _______ hatchlings become an adult
(a) 5000
(b) 1000
(c) 500
(b) 1000

6th Standard Sea Turtle Question 3.
Female hatchlings that have become adults _______
(a) find a new beach to lay their eggs
(c) lay their eggs in the ocean

Sea Turtle Lesson 6th Standard Question 4.
Sea Turtles are _______ species
(a) endangered
(b) out of danger
(c) extinct
(a) endangered

Sea Turtle 6th Standard Question 5.
The only way to solve the problems faced by Sea Turtles is _______
(a) to not allow the sea turtles to come ashore
(b) to systematically tackle the problems and removing threats
(c) to dig the eggs laid on shore and put it back into the sea.
(b) to systematically tackle the problems and removing threats

VI. Sea Turtles Very short Answer Questions.

6th Standard English Sea Turtle Question 1.
Where do ths reptiles spend, almost their entire life?
Ammamma asked the children to sit upstairs in the middle room and gave. The Reptiles spend almost their entire life in the sea.

6th Standard Sea Turtle Lesson Question 2.
How many species of marine or sea turtles are there?
There are seven species of marine or sea turtles in the world.

Sea Turtles  Question 3.
Name the five sea-turtles found in India’s coastal waters.
The Oliver Ridley, the Hawksbill, the Green sea turtle, the Loggerhead and the Leatherback.

6 Std English Sea Turtles Question 4.
Where do they go to lay eggs?
They must come ashore to lay their eggs.

Sea Turtle Lesson 6th Standard Question 5.
How much does an Olive Ridley weight?
It weighs up to 35kg, when fully grown.

VII. Sea Turtles Short Answer Questions.

Question 1.
How do the local people jackles and domestic dogs identify the turtle’s eggs?
Jackals, domestic dogs and pigs dig up and eat the eggs by following the scent left by the turtle. Even the local people follow the tracks of the turtle to its nest and collect the eggs for eating.

Question 2.
What happens to the eggs, that escape front the people and predators?
The eggs that escape from the people and predators hatch 45 – 60 days later. The hatchlings slash open the leathery eggshell with the help of a tiny egg – tooth.

Question 3.
How do the hatchlings read) the shore?
When most of the eggs have hatched, the hatchlings push themselves upwards through the sand and emerge on the surface of the beach. From there, they make a hurried dash to the sea.

Question 4.
Where does nesting takes place?
Mass nesting takes place on the shore. Odisha is one of the only three places in the world, where a phenomenon known as mass nesting or Arribada takes place. Thousands of female turtles come ashore simultaneously to lay their eggs on particular beaches.

Question 5.
How can we ensure that the sea turtles wfl continue to exist in die yean to come?
Only by systematically tackling the problems faced by the sea turtles and removing the threats subjected to them, can we ensure that sea turtles will continue to exist in the years to come.

VIII. Paragraph Questions.

Question 1.
What problems are faced by the female turtles, when they come ashore to lay their eggs?
Between the months of January and March, female Olive Ridleys come ashore at night to lay their eggs. This is quite a problem for them, as a turtle’s front flippers enable it to swim gracefully and effortlessly, but are not very useful for moving on land. The turtle has to haul itself laboriously onto the beach. Then it chooses a spot well away from the high tide line. There, it scoops out a nest cavity, 45 cms deep, into which it lays about 100 eggs. Then it fills the cavity and hides the nest with the sand. Finally, it returns to the sea, leaving the eggs to incubate under the warmth of the sun.

Question 2.
Describe one of the many mysterious of these fascinating reptiles
After many years of swimming in the open ocean, the female hatchlings that have become adults return to the same beach, they were bom. They come there to lay their own eggs. How they manage to find the place after so many years in the sea is one of the many mysteries of these fascinating reptiles. It is also a wonder that they have survived natural dangers for millions of years.

Question 3.
What are the problems that affect the survival of turtles?
People hunt the sea turtles for their meat. They collect their eggs. Some times the turtles are trapped in the nets of motorboats. Pollution and dumping of plastics into the ocean affect their survival. Construction activities on nestling beaches also hurt their survival.

Picto Grammar

Subjects and Predicate

Identify the subject and the predicate in the following sentences.

Question 1.
The sun was shining brightly.
The sun (subject) / was shining brightly (predicate).

Question 2.
The dogs were barking loudly.
The dogs (subject) / were barking loudly (predicate).

Question 3.
The pretty girl was wearing a blue frock.
The pretty girl (subject) / was wearing a blue frock (predicate).

Question 4.
My younger brother serves in the army.
My younger brother (subject) / serves in the army (predicate).

Question 5.
The man and his wife were working in their garden.
The man and his wife (subject) / were working in their garden (predicate).

Question 6.
My mother and my aunt are trained classical dancers.
My mother and my aunt (subject) / are trained classical dancers (predicate).

Question 7.
You don’t have to wait for me.
You (subject) / don’t have to wait for me (predicate).

Question 8.
We will no longer tolerate this.
We (subject) / will no longer tolerate this (predicate).

Question 9.
The little tree was covered with needles instead of leaves.
The little tree (subject) / was covered with needles instead of leaves (predicate).

Question 10.
A rich merchant was passing by the shoemaker’s window.
A rich merchant (subject) /was passing by the shoemaker’s window (predicate).

For each sentence given below, underline the subject once and the predicate twice.

Example : John went to the movies with his friends.
John went to the movies with his friends.

1. The horse appeared at the starting line.
The horse appeared at the starting line.

2. The student arrived late to class because he woke up late.
The student arrived late to class because he woke up late.

3. John looked out of the window to check the sky.
John looked out of the window to check the sky.

4. The audience grew very restless waiting for the play to start.
The audience grew very restless waiting for the play to start.

5. The air in the classroom smelled fresh.
The air in the classroom smelled fresh.

6. I felt exhausted from the anticipation.
I felt exhausted from the anticipation.

7. The owners grew flowers all around their house.
The owners grew flowers all around their house.

Underline the simple subjects In the following sentences.

1. I want a new car.
I want a new car.

2. James is nice.
James is nice.

3. The sun is moving.
The sun is moving.

4. Max wrote the letter.
Max wrote the letter.

5. The letter was written by Max.
The letter was written by Max.

The simple predicate is the main verb in the sentence.

Example: Mary plays the piano.
Plays the piano.
In this example, the verb phrase “plays the piano” is the predicate.

Example : Josephine is having a nice day.
In this example, the verb phrase “is having a nice day” is the predicate.

Underline the simple predicates in the following sentences.

1. I run with my dog.
I run with my dog.

3. The cake was made by us.
The cake was made by us.

4. Jessica and Rebecca are playing the piano and singing.
Jessica and Rebecca are playing the piano and singing.

5. We will be running in the race this Sunday.
We will be running in the race this Sunday.

Underline the simple subjects and draw a box around the simple predicates In the following sentences.

Example : Elise is going to sing in the concert tomorrow

1. The dentist charges $6200 for an office visit. Answer: The dentist charges$6200 for an offce visit.

2. The baby weighed 7.2 pounds at birth.
The baby weighed 7.2 pounds at birth.

3. We need to make a new plan.
We need to make a new plan.

4. I want to go to the concert, but I don’t have enough money.
I want to go to the concert, but I don’t have enough money

5. My friend and I are going to the movies tonight.
My friend and I are going to the movies tonight.

Now try to write three complete sentences of your own.
Try to underline the simple subjects and circle the simple predicates.

Choose a subject from the box to complete each sentence.

A big spider, A buzzing bee, My notebook, A gray dolphin, My mother, My closet, The houseplant, The eye doctor, The space alien

1. _________ looked for nectar in the flower.
2. _________ has lots of clothes in it.
3. _________ checked my vision.
4. _________ needs soil, water, and sunlight.
5. _________ landed the UFO.
6. _________ jumped in the sea.
7. _________ was upset because I broke her favorite vase.
8. _________ is filled with stories that I wrote.
9. _________ spun a web in the doorway.

1. A buzzing bee
2. My closet
3. The eye doctor
4. The houseplant
5. The space alien
6. A gray dolphin
7. My mother
8. My notebook
9. A big spider

Choose a predicate from the box to complete each sentence.

watered her flowers, barked all night long, drove me to school, blew in the wind, ate crickets, cut the boy’s hair, fixed the sink, slept in her crib, flew the airplane.

1. The gardener _________
2. The pilot _________
3. The little puppy _________
4. The barber _________
5. James’ baby sister _________
6. The flag _________
7. The lizard _________
8. The plumber _________
9. The bus driver _________

1. watered her flowers
2. flew the airplane
3. barked all night long
4. cut the boy’s hair
5. slept in her crib
6. blew in the wind
7. ate crickets
8. fixed the sink
9. drove me to school

Creative Writing

I. Make sentence of your own

1. Beach
2. Breeze
3. Swimming
1. We like to the play in the sandy beach.
2. The trees swayed in the breeze.
3. I like swimming.

II. Picture Composition:

Question 1.
Describe the picture in about fifty words and give a suitable title. Make use of the words / phrases given below.
children
playing park
boy
hand in hand
colourful
flowers wheel
girls
performed

Theme park
There are children playing in a theme park. Two girls are playing by the swing each hand in hand. A boy is playing with a colourful boy. Some children are playing on the giant wheel. A circus show is also being performed there. The park is full of trees and flowers.

Question 2.
Describe the picture in about fifty words and give a suitable title. Make use of the words / phrases given below.
activities
classroom
student
building
discussing
Everyone
useful
skit

Drawing Class
These children are doing various activities with enthusiasm outside their classroom. A student is drawing and two other students are playing with the building blocks. Three children are enacting a skit. There are four children sitting and discussing about their activity. Everyone is busy doing something useful answers.

Question 3.
Describe the picture in about fifty words and give a suitable title. Make use of the words / phrases given below.
monkey
picture
entrance
snakes
people
animals
welcome
bears
lions

Zoo
This is a zoo. There are plenty of ammals seen in the picture. I can see monkey, elephants, lions, rabbits, giraffe, snakes, bears, tigers and birds. They are all at the entrance of the zoo. I can see some animals on top of the board ‘zoo’. It seems that they are all ready to welcome the people, who visit the zoo.

Question 4.
Describe the picture in about fifty words and give a suitable title. Make use of the words / phrases given below.
bird
nest
hungry
mother
food
sitting
near

Nest
I see a bird and two nestlings in the picture. The nestlings are seemed to be in hungry. The mother bird has fetched some food. It is sitting near the nestlings. The nestlings eagerly open their beaks for the food.

### Sea Turtles Summary

Section I

This lesson is about Sea Turtles which are different from Tortoise that we see in a zoo or a reptile park. There are seven species of sea turtles -out of which five are seen in India – the Olive Ridley, the Hawksbill, the Green Sea Turtle, the Loggerhead and the Leatherback. The turtles are huge and weigh between 35 kg and 700 kg. The largest sea turtle is the Leatherback which is 2.2m long and 700 kg in weight. Sea turtles come to the shore to lay their eggs. Except Olive Ridleys, other species have become rare in India. Mass Nesting or Arribada is a phenomenon that occurs in Odisha and other two places in the world where Olive Ridleys come ashore alone to lay their eggs.

Section II

Between January and March, female Olive Ridleys come ashore and haul (pull with force) using their front flippers onto the beach. They choose a spot away from the high tide and dig 45 cm into which they lay their eggs. They lay about 100 eggs at one time. After covering the nest with sand it returns to the sea. The eggs are left to incubate under the sun. People collect these eggs for eating. Jackals, domestic dogs and pigs eat the eggs. After escaping from the predators, the hatchlings (little ones) come out the egg shell with the help of egg-tooth. After they come out they make a dash into the sea.

Section III

Weighing less than 20 grams, many of these hatchlings fall prey to crabs or birds before they reach the sea. It is estimated that one in a thousand hatchlings become an adult. After swimming for years in the sea, the adult female returns to the same beach where they were born which is an unsolved mystery. Human activities have endangered the survival of sea turtles. Problems like pollution, dumping of plastics in to the ocean and the construction activities on nesting beaches endanger their survival. We have to tackle these problems to save the sea turtles.